"1. factual information (such as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation" (Merriam-Webster, 2019)

"2. information in digital form that can be transmitted or processed" (Merriam-Webster, 2019)

"3. information output by a sensing device or organ that includes both useful and irrelevant or redundant information and must be processed to be meaningful" (Merriam-Webster, 2019)


Merriam-Webster (2019). Data. Link:

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Why geospatial standards matter: Benefits and challenges of EO data standardization

Even 115 years later, the Great Baltimore Fire—which burned down much of the city of Baltimore in the United States—still carries important lessons in standardization. Firefighters from hundreds of kilometres away were sent to assist in putting out the fire, but they could do little to help because their hose couplings did not fit Baltimore’s fire hydrants – meaning, the fire hoses were not standardized. The lack of standardization turned hundreds of firefighters into spectators as the city burned (OGC, ISO & IH, 2018, p.