Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI)
"The Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) is designed to use MODIS (band 4 and band 6) and Landsat TM (band 2 and band 5) for identification of snow cover while ignoring cloud cover. Since it is ratio based, it also mitigates atmospheric effects.
NDSI = (Green - SWIR) / (Green + SWIR)
Green = pixel values from the green band
SWIR = pixel values from the shortwave infrared band
Reference: Riggs, G., D. Hall, and V. Salomonson. "A Snow Index for the Landsat Thematic Mapper and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer." Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS '94, Volume 4: Surface and Atmospheric Remote Sensing: Technologies, Data Analysis, and Interpretation (1994), pp. 1942-1944." (ESRI, 2018)