Terrestrial Water Storage (TWS)

"The summation of all water on the land surface and in the subsurface. It includes surface soil moisture, root zone soil moisture, groundwater, snow, ice, water stored in the vegetation, river and lake water." (Girotto and Rodell 2019)


Girotto, Manuela, and Matt Rodell. 2019. “Terrestrial Water Storage.”

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From Jakarta to Nusantara: Land subsidence and other pressing water challenges in a sinking mega city

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