Disease Outbreak

"An outbreak that occurs in greater number than expected in a particular community, geographical area, or season. An outbreak may occur in a limited geographical area or may spread over several countries" (SEARO, 2019).


SEARO. (2019). Disease Outbreaks. Retrieved January 22, 2019 from http://www.searo.who.int/topics/disease_outbreaks/en/

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Using space-based technologies to predict mosquito-borne disease outbreaks

Mosquitos are often cited as one of the deadliest animals in the world, causing up to one million deaths per year (WHO, 2020; CDC, 2021). They can carry and transmit a variety of diseases, including malaria, West Nile virus, dengue fever, and Zika virus; transmitting illness across the globe (Figure 1). To help decrease the burden of disease resulting from mosquitos, researchers are utilising satellite data and remote sensing models to better predict where mosquito breeding grounds may occur in the future.

Space Technology: A Tool for Epidemiology

Epidemiological mapping has been used for centuries. To give an example, John Snow, the father of epidemiology, created a map to determine the cause of the 1845 cholera outbreak in London, United Kingdom. The mapping allowed him to discover contaminated water as the source of the outbreak.

Les Technologies Spatiales : un Outil pour l'Epidémiologie

Merci à Jean Francois Regis Adoupou d'avoir traduit cet article volontairement.

La cartographie épidémiologique est utilisée depuis des siècles. A titre illustratif, John Snow, le père de l'épidémiologie, a créé une carte pour déterminer la cause de l’éclosion de l'épidémie de choléra en 1845, à Londres, au Royaume-Uni. La cartographie lui a permis de découvrir que l'eau contaminée était à l’origine de l'épidémie.