"Karst is a type of landscape where the dissolving of the bedrock has created sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, springs, and other characteristic features. Karst is associated with soluble rock types such as limestone, marble, and gypsum. In general, a typical karst landscape forms when much of the water falling on the surface interacts with and enters the subsurface through cracks, fractures, and holes that have been dissolved into the bedrock. After traveling underground, sometimes for long distances, this water is then discharged from springs, many of which are cave entrances.

Karst is ideal for storing water as an aquifer and provides vast amounts of clean drinking water to people, plants, and animals. Because of the porous (Swiss cheese-like) nature of karst, water flows quickly through it and receives little filtration. Therefore, contaminants that enter a karst aquifer are rapidly transported creating water quality problems. It is imperative to protect karst landscapes because, forexample, about 20% of the United States is underlain by karst landscapes and 40% of groundwater used for drinking comes from karst aquifers." (National Park Service, 2022)


National Park Service, U.S. Department of Interior. "Karst Landscapes". Karst and Caves. April 27, 2022. https://www.nps.gov/subjects/caves/karst-landscapes.htm#:~:text=Karst%2….