Air Pollution

"An air pollutant is anything  in the air that could harm people’s health. There are many pollutants in the air. Some are more harmful than others. Particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ozone are particularly damaging types of air pollution." (British Lung Foundation 2020)

"Air pollution leads people to be exposed to fine particles in polluted air that penetrate deep into the lungs and cardiovascular system, causing diseases including stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections. Industry, transportation, coal power plants and household solid fuel usage are major contributors to air pollution. Air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate, and affects economies and people’s quality of life." (WHO 2021)


British Lung Foundation. 2020. “What Is Air Pollution?” 2020.
World Health Organisation. 2021. “Air Pollution.” 2021.

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Center for Space Science and Geomatics Studies (CSSGS), Pashchimanchal Campus, Institute of Engineering (IOE), Tribhuvan University

The Center for Space Science and Geomatics Studies (CSSGS) is the research center with a focus on space science and geomatics applications in the following themes: disaster management, water quality, glacier, precision agriculture, air pollution, water pollution. Research areas also focus on the application of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) in forestry, agriculture and engineering.