“Standardisation in the field of digital geographic information aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects or phenomena that are directly or indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth.” (Danko, 2005)
Danko, D. M. 2005. Global Spatial Metadata Activities in the ISO/TC211 Geographic Information Domain. In World Spatial Metadata Standards (pp. 141-165). Elsevier Science.