“When it comes to space activities, the areas of science, technology, law, policy and security are inherently interlinked. Space technologies often have overlapping civilian and military applications, and choices made about the uses of outer space directly impact international peace, safety and security(UNOOSA, 2018).”
“The main ambition in the Space and Security domain is to ensure the wellbeing and security of countries and citizens by exploiting suitable space assets and collateral data. A major objective is the development of capabilities and solutions to enhance:
• The resilience of the society against natural and man-made disasters;
• The protection of critical infrastructures;
• The efficiency in tasks related to border and maritime surveillance as well as to civil protection and humanitarian aid.
An important activity in supporting the primary aims of the Space and Security domain is the provision of geospatial products and services resulting from satellite and collateral data. Earth Observation data are currently showing an unprecedented scenario in terms of variety, volume, velocity, veracity and value. Moreover, datasets to be used for security applications can be composed not only by satellite data but also by data coming from social, open and other sources. Thus, the key challenge is to improve the capacity to access and analyse a huge amount of heterogeneous data to timely provide decisionmakers with clear and useful information.” (GEO, n.d.)