Industrial water use

"Water used for industrial purposes in such industries as steel, chemical, paper, and petroleum refining. Nationally, water for industrial uses comes mainly (80%) from self-supplied sources, such as a local wells or withdrawal points in a river, but some water comes from public-supplied sources, such as the county/city water department." (U.S. Geological Survey, 2019)


U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). "Water Science Glossary Terms". USGS Water Science School. (2019). Link: