Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI)
"The Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI) is sensitive to the moisture levels in vegetation. It is used to monitor droughts as well as monitor fuel levels in fire-prone areas. It uses NIR and SWIR bands to create a ratio designed to mitigate illumination and atmospheric effects.
NDMI = (NIR - SWIR1)/(NIR + SWIR1)
NIR = pixel values from the near infrared band
SWIR1 = pixel values from the short-wave infrared 1 band
Wilson, E.H. and Sader, S.A., 2002, "Detection of forest harvest type using multiple dates of Landsat TM imagery." Remote Sensing of Environment, 80 , pp. 385-396.
Skakun, R.S., Wulder, M.A. and Franklin, .S.E. (2003). "Sensitivity of the thematic mapper enhanced wetness difference index to detect mountain pine beetle red-attack damage." Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 86, Pp. 433-443." (ESRI, 2018)