Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)

"A light detection and ranging sensor that uses a laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) radar to transmit a light pulse and a receiver with sensitive detectors to measure the backscattered or reflected light. Distance to the object is determined by recording the time between transmitted and backscattered pulses and by using the speed of light to calculate the distance traveled." (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2018)

Sources

"Remote Sensors". Earthdata, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Last modified December 11, 2018.
https://earthdata.nasa.gov/user-resources/remote-sensors.
Accessed February 13, 2019.